Reproductive Surgery Controversies
In the US, we often recommend spay and neuter in young animals. 50-75% of pet dogs in North America are spayed or neutered as is recommended by the AVMA, ASPCA and Humane Society (Hoffman, 2013). The ideal timing for spay / neuter is unknown. Recent literature has indicated that gonadectomy, and specifically early gonadectomy, may lead to increased incidence of orthopedic conditions, obesity, and certain neoplasms. The controversies surrounding spay / neuter and alternative procedures will be presented.
- •Sterilized animals have a longer life
- •Sterilized dogs have reportedly higher rates of cancer and orthopedic disease